Sinam Mohamad, the representative of the Syrian Democratic Council in the United States, confirmed via Whatsapp that Delta Crescent had signed an agreement with the autonomous administration, but said he had no further details. The buffer zone collapsed in early October 2019, before being fully implemented, when Turkey cancelled the agreement on October 1 and the United States abandoned efforts on October 6, after U.S. President Donald Trump ordered the withdrawal of U.S. forces from northern Syria, allowing Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to enter the region. The Turkish offensive that followed on 9 October made the buffer zone totally obsolete.  Nevertheless, it remains difficult to imagine that Ankara would have an interest in concluding tactical agreements with the SDF to avoid an escalation with its long-standing enemy, without a clear finale that would prevent the northeast from becoming a PKK-led or state- On October 7, the White House office said Turkey would “advance its long-standing operation in northern Syria,” saying U.S. forces would not support the operation, but would withdraw from the area and let it do so. The statement suggests that US President Donald Trump accepted the Turkish offensive after Turkish President Erdogan assured him that Turkey would take ISIL detainees hostage. Trump`s sudden agreement on a Turkish invasion was seen as a reversal of the objectives of the buffer zone agreement and has been the subject of controversy in the United States. SDF spokesmen said the U.S. advance was a “sting in the back,” saying the SDF would “defend northeastern Syria at all costs.”     “This agreement on the creation of observation posts is only an advertisement and nothing will change. This will only lower the intensity of tensions on this front, but will not end them in the long term, because the SDF has violated the ceasefire agreement by digging tunnels that have been destroyed by Turkey and Ankara-backed groups,” he told Arab News. Sources told Al-Monitor the agreement to market oil in territory controlled by the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces was signed “with the knowledge and encouragement of the White House.” He added: “This agreement is null and void and has no legal basis.” Pompeo reiterated his support for the oil deal and appeared to suggest that the Foreign Ministry had played a key role in the organization.
The concentration of diplomatic efforts on immediate tactical details, while avoiding key differences over the end of the final, may not address Turkey`s concerns and could encourage Ankara to make such tactical concessions without lowering its own demands or giving up military options. Instead, the United States should cooperate with Ankara and the SDF to define a bearable end to the game for both sides, and then attempt to reach agreements on tactical measures in that direction. In particular, the YPG could reduce control over governance, resources and security in northeastern Syria and allow Arab and Kurdish opposition forces to participate meaningfully in local government and civil society organizations.